Shawn Jordan had traveled five hours to Church Rock, New Mexico, in the Navajo Nation. It was his first time on the Navajo reservation.
“I was blown away by seeing kids who had taken elements of their culture and embedded them in really creative ways into science projects,” Jordan said of the 2012 trip. “That started to inspire me more, and as I got into doing STEAM machine camps.”
Encouraged by what he saw, Jordan partnered with the Navajo Nation to begin holding science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics camps in various parts of the reservation.
The camps teach Navajo students, both middle and high school, how to merge chain reaction machines with storytelling and Navajo culture. They have held about 10 camps in the past four years.
In addition to the camps, the National Science Foundation in 2014 awarded Jordan and the Navajo Nation a grant to develop and implement new engineering curriculum into Navajo schools. The grant has provided more than $455,000 to date.
The curriculum meshes engineering design with Navajo culture.
Kalvin White, education administrator with the Office of Diné Science Math and Technology, works with Jordan.
“Dr. Jordan has been working with us for the past four years, providing us with his services to implement STEM and STEAM camps here at some of our tribally-controlled schools,” White said.
The Navajo Nation spans northeastern Arizona, southeastern Utah and northwestern New Mexico. It is the largest land area retained by a U.S. tribe.
White said the new demand for science and technology education is not unique to the Navajo Nation.
“It’s worldwide,” White said. “It’s not just Navajo. The whole country has been pushing public schools, state schools and now tribal schools toward math and science.”
According to a study by the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights, less than half of American Indian high school students have access to the full range of math and science courses in their schools.
Jordan said that traditionally, science and certain cultures don’t seem to mesh.
“Science has been taught in some contexts in Native cultures as a way to oppress rather than as a way to empower,” Jordan said. “Some scientists and science educators have gone and said, ‘Well, you know the ways of science are right. Your Native ways are wrong.’ And then they wonder why we have low participation of Natives in science.”
Jordan said he was cautious to approach the curriculum as an outsider.
“I looked at my skills as a researcher and then also thought very carefully about my role not being Native and what my role should be in this whole process,” Jordan said.
While Jordan may bring the researcher and engineering aspect, White said he and his staff on the reservation bring the cultural component.
“Shawn has been flexible … the partnership wouldn’t have worked without that component,” White said.
Jordan said the partnership could work for other groups as well.
“You can take the same approach as a researcher and as someone who is not a member of a particular underrepresented group and apply it to another underrepresented group to develop a curriculum that is customized to them as well,” Jordan said.
For now, Jordan said he is focused on building up the pilot curriculum, which they are slowly introducing into Navajo classrooms. They hope to eventually replace the old science curriculum altogether.