The United States Census Bureau released their latest population estimates last week and the American Indian and Alaska Native population (with heritage alone or in combination with another race) hit just over 2 percent.
The total population in 2017 according to the Census report estimate is 325,719,178. American Indian and Alaska Native population numbers (alone or in combination) are 6,795,785 or 2.09% and American Indian and Alaska Native population (alone) is 4,104,295 or 1.26% of the population.
According to 2010 Census numbers, American Indian and Alaska Native populations were just below two percent.
Oglala Lakota County, S.D., had the largest percentage of the American Indian or Alaska Native population (93.9 percent).
Additional census numbers were put out in the United States Census Bureau release as follows:
Population Continues to Become More Diverse
At the same time that the U.S. population becomes older, it also is becoming more diverse by race and ethnicity. Nationally, the population of all race and ethnic groups, except for the non-Hispanic white alone group, grew between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017. View our graphic on the age and race distribution from 2010 to 2017 to see how the nation has grown more diverse. References below to the race and ethnic compositions of county populations apply only to those counties with a total population of 10,000 or more.
- The Hispanic population increased 2.1 percent to 58.9 million.
- The black or African-American population increased 1.2 percent to 47.4 million.
- The Asian population increased 3.1 percent to 22.2 million.
- The American Indian or Alaska Native population increased 1.3 percent to 6.8 million.
- The Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population increased 2.1 percent to 1.6 million.
- The population of those Two or More Races increased 2.9 percent to 8.7 million.
- The white alone-or-in-combination population increased 0.5 percent to 257.4 million.
- The non-Hispanic white alone population decreased .02 percent to 197.8 million.The American Indian or Alaska Native Population
- California had the largest American Indian or Alaska Native population (1.1 million), and Alaska had the highest percentage (20.0 percent).
- Los Angeles County, Calif., had the largest American Indian or Alaska Native population of any county at 233,000.
- Oglala Lakota County, S.D., had the largest percentage of the American Indian or Alaska Native population (93.9 percent).
The Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Population
- The median age of the Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population increased the most of any race group (2.3 years), rising from 26.4 years old in April 2010 to 28.7 years old in July 2017.
- Hawaii had the largest number (382,000) and proportion (26.8 percent) of the Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population.
- Honolulu County, Hawaii, had the largest Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population (245,000) in 2017. Clark County, Nev., had the largest numeric increase for the Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population (1,400) in 2017.
The Two or More Races Population
- Those who identify as two or more races made up the second-fastest growing race group (2.9 percent) in the nation. Their growth is due primarily to natural increase.
- The two or more races group had the youngest median age of any other race group at 20.4 years.
- California had the largest two or more races population (1.5 million) and Hawaii had the highest proportion (23.8 percent).
Follow Indian Country Today’s associate editor and senior correspondent, Vincent Schilling (Akwesasne Mohawk) on Twitter - @VinceSchilling